Add, log, retrieve, and share the results of plugin tests.


Results is a structured way of storing results from plugins across a session, allowing those results to be retrieved later or by other plugins.


Use this plugin in yours:

exports.my_first_hook = function(next, connection) {
    var plugin = this;

    // run a test

    // store the results
    connection.results.add(plugin, {pass: 'my great test' });

    // run another test

    // store the results
    connection.results.add(plugin, {fail: 'gotcha!', msg: 'show this'});

Store the results in the transaction (vs connection):

    connection.transaction.results.add(plugin, {...});

Config options

Each plugin can have custom settings in results.ini to control results logging. There are three options available: hide, order, and debug.

  • hide - a comma separated list of results to hide from the output
  • order - a comman separated list, specifing the order of items in the output
  • debug - log debug messages every time results are called

    ;put this in config/results.ini [plugin_name] hide=skip order=msg,pass,fail debug=0

Results Functions


Store information. Most calls to results will append data to the lists in the connection. The following lists are available:

pass  - names of tests that passed
fail  - names of tests that failed
skip  - names of tests that were skipped (with a why, if you wish)
err   - error messages encountered during processing
msg   - arbitratry messages

human - a custom summary to return (bypass collate)
emit  - log an INFO summary

When err results are received, a logerror is automatically emitted, saving the need to specify {emit: true} with the request.


var c = connection;
c.results.add(plugin, {pass: 'null_sender'});
c.results.add(plugin, {fail: 'single_recipient'});
c.results.add(plugin, {skip: 'valid_bounce'};
c.results.add(plugin, {err: 'timed out looking in couch cushions'});
c.results.add(plugin, {msg: 'I found a nickel!', emit: true});

In addition to appending values to the predefined lists, arbitrary results can be stored in the cache:

results.add(plugin, {my_result: 'anything I want'});

When arbirary values are stored, they are listed first in the log output. Their display can be suppressed with the hide option in results.ini.


Increment counters. The argument to incr is an object with counter names and increment values. Examples:

var c = connection;
c.results.incr(plugin, {unrecognized_commands: 1});

c.results.incr(plugin, {karma: -1});
c.results.incr(plugin, {karma:  2});


Append items onto arrays. The argument to push is an object with array names and the new value to be appended to the array. Examples:

var c = connection;
c.results.push(plugin, {dns_recs: 'name1'});
c.results.push(plugin, {dns_recs: 'name2'});


var summary = connection.results.collate(plugin);

Formats the contents of the result cache and returns them. This function is called internally by add() after each update.


Retrieve the stored results as an object. The only argument is the name of the plugin whose results are desired.

var geoip = connection.results.get('geoip');
if (geoip && geoip.distance && geoip.distance > 2000) {

Keep in mind that plugins also store results in the transaction. Example:

var sa = connection.transaction.results.get('spamassassin');
if (sa && sa.score > 5) {


Check result contents for string or pattern matches.

Syntax: results.has(‘plugin_name’, ‘result_name’, ‘search_term’);

  • result_name: the name of an array or string in the result object

  • search_term: a string or RegExp object

Store Results:

var r = connection.results;
r.add(plugin, {pass: 'some_test'});
r.add(plugin, {pass: 'some_test(with reason)'});

Retrieve exact match with get:

if (r.get('plugin_name').pass.indexOf('some_test') !== -1) {
    // some_test passed (1x)

Same thing with has (retrieve a string match):

if (r.has('plugin_name', 'pass', 'some_test')) {
    // some_test passed (1x)

The syntax for using has is a little more pleasant.

Both options require one to check for each reason which is unpleasant when and all we really want to know is if some_test passed or not.

To retrieve a matching pattern:

if (r.has('plugin_name', 'pass', /^some_test/)) {
    // some_test passed (2x)

Private Results

To store structured data in results that are hidden from the human and human_html output, prefix the name of the key with an underscore.


connection.results.add(plugin, { _hidden: 'some data' });

Redis Pub/Sub

If a redis client is found on server.notes.redis, then new results are JSON encoded and published to Redis on the channel named result-UUID. Other plugins can subscribe to these publish events by psubscribing (pattern subscribe) to the channel named result-UUID*. Replace UUID with the connection UUID.

This is from the karma plugin, subscribing on the connect_init hook.

exports.register = function (next, server) {
exports.hook_connect_init = function (next, connection) {
    var plugin = this;
    plugin.redis_subscribe(connection, function () {
        connection.notes.redis.on('pmessage', function (pattern, channel, message) {
            // do fun stuff with messages that look like this
            // {"plugin":"karma","result":{"fail":"spamassassin.hits"}}
            // {"plugin":"geoip","result":{"country":"CN"}}

It’s also wise to unsubscribe. It’s easy to do on the disconnect hook:

    exports.hook_disconnect = function (next, connection) {